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Tyendinaga Justice Circle

Tontakaiê:rine Tyendinaga Justice Circle

Tontakaiê:rine (TJC)offers programs and services intended to assist Indigenous people who have come into conflict with the law. Furthermore, the TJC is guided by a committee of volunteer community members who are trained and certified to facilitate RJ forums, and are passionate about community and peace building.




Programs and Services:

First Nations/Métis/Inuit Court Worker

The Court Worker is the first point of contact for Indigenous accused.  The Court Worker provides opportunities for Indigenous peoples to gain access to support systems, liaison services, resources and information on matters relating to the judicial system.  The Court Worker maintains a presence in bail, remand and sentencing courts to provide navigation and liaison assistance for both the judicial system and Indigenous people to ensure fair, culturally appropriate and restorative outcomes when possible.

  • Need help finding culturally appropriate referrals?
  • Need help completing a legal aid application?
  • Confused or scared about the court process?

Youth Restorative Initiatives

Tontakaêi:rine’s Youth Restorative Initiatives is an alternative to the mainstream justice system, with a focus on youth ages 12-17. The forum brings Yakokarewáhtonh (those who have been harmed), Yontatkarewáhtonh (those who have caused harm), their supporters and community members together in a safe, controlled environment. The goal is to discuss the incident, its effects, and to decide collaboratively how to right the wrong that has been done.

Restorative Justice, not to be confused with “sentencing circles”, emphasizes the harm crime does to the community and how the community, rather than the court system, can respond to crime in more satisfactory ways.The focus of the Restorative Circle is on repairing the harm, healing and providing an opportunity for all parties to find some closure to the incident. It may incorporate a variety of approaches, which could be applied at either the pre-, or post-charge stage of the criminal justice process.  The TJC Coordinator reviews all pre-charge cases to assure that they are eligible for the program and works in conjunction with the Crown Attorney in  post-charge diversion matters under the Youth Criminal Justice Act.

Extra Judicial Measures Worker

The main objective of the Aboriginal (EJM) Youth Justice Worker is to provide culturally relevant pre-charge programming by developing individualized measures to reflect the unique needs of each youth. In addition, the Youth Justice Worker will promote and recommend alternative methods of conflict resolution within the community of Tyendinaga and surrounding areas. The Youth Justice Worker ensures the objectives of the program are being met by:

  • Assisting youth and their families who are working to repair harm and heal; as well as ensuring youth successfully fulfill the outcomes of circle contracts 
  • Acting as a resource and support person for the staff and students of the elementary and secondary schools where Indigenous youth attend in order to provide culturally relevant information related to restorative as well as anti-violence practices
  • Working towards crime prevention and awareness at the community level through publishing news articles, coordinating restorative justice events, program advocacy, anti-harassment workshops for children and youth, cultural awareness to off-territory agencies, and facilitation of community justice forums

Adult Diversion

Tontakaêi:rine’s Adult Diversion Program is intended for the qualifying First Nation/Métis/Inuit adult population who are in conflict with the law. The adult diversion worker can provide culturally relevant methods of intervention and services to address the needs of the client and courts. By using restorative processes and focusing on the needs of the victim(s), clients will be supported in their healing and reintegration back into the community.

Tontakaêi:rine Diversion Benefits

Restorative Practises, not to be confused with “Sentencing Circles”, emphasize the harm crime does to the community and how the community, rather than the court system, can respond to crime in more satisfactory ways. Additional benefits are:

  • Victim focused
  • Chance to have your voice heard
  • Forum support
  • Outcomes are unique to each individual
  • Closure and healing
  • Private, controlled atmosphere
  • Confidential
  • Culturally sensitive
  • Timely

Gladue Writers

The Gladue Case Writer supports Indigenous accused (adults and youth) and justice personnel in applying sentencing principals. The Gladue Case Writer provides the court with a confidential report on the offender that contains a comprehensive picture of both the life circumstances of the offender and the options available to the court in sentencing.  The Gladue Writer compiles this information by conducting interviews with the offender, family members and other people who know the offender.    

A Gladue report, as offered by the TJC can only be ordered by the court (i.e. Judge or Crown).

Gladue Aftercare Caseworker

The Gladue Aftercare Caseworker is responsible for providing case and file management by assisting Indigenous clients to follow through with recommendations of their Gladue Report upon sentencing. The Gladue Aftercare Worker provides direct services, and makes necessary referrals to programs and services within surrounding areas, corrections and in the community to ensure that clients receive services in a timely fashion.

What is Gladue?

Gladuerefers to a right that Indigenous People have under section 718.2 (e) of the Criminal Code and section 38(2)(d) of the Youth Criminal Justice Act.  

Gladueis also a sentencing principle which recognizes that Indigenous People face racism and systemic discrimination in and out of the criminal justice system, and attempts to deal with the crisis of overrepresentation /inequities of Indigenous Peoples in custody, to the extent possible, through changing how judges sentence. Gladue instructs judges, when sentencing or setting bail, to consider: “all available sanctions other than imprisonment that are reasonable in the circumstances, with particular attention to” the circumstances of Indigenous people.

(“What is Gladue”

Contact Information

Tyendinaga Justice Circle Tontakaiê:rine
FNTI/3 Old York Road/ Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory, ON
T: 613-396-2122 or 1-800-267-0637 f 613-396-2761
FNMI Courtworker/Gladue and court inquiries: markb@fnti.netor cell: 613,827.5695